Die Schoepfung: Founding of the Orchestral Academy
Leonard Bernstein’s lifelong devotion to education culminated in the late 1980s during the three years he spent as a teacher and a conductor at the Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival (SHMF) in Northern Germany. At the May 1986 opening concert of the inaugural SHMF, Bernstein conducted the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra and Chorus in a performance of Haydn’s Die Schoepfung (The Creation), which Bernstein himself described as “one of the supreme music dramatizations of all time”. He returned the following year to Salzau Castle where he led the festival’s Orchestra Academy, recreating the mentorship atmosphere of his early years at the Tanglewood Music Festival and passing down over 40 years of knowledge and experience to a new generation of musicians.
The Orchestral Academy complemented the festival’s concert series by giving young musicians the opportunity to work with accomplished professionals. Bernstein used his clout to give the students the opportunity to tour internationally, which he had extensive experience doing as music director of the New York Philharmonic. During his time at SHMF, Bernstein took the students to Germany, Italy, and the USSR (Russia).
1987: The Rite of Spring
“At Flensburg, the first concert took place, at which my students were going to show what they could do with the very difficult ‘Rite of Spring’ by Stravinsky, which is, as everybody knows, one of the toughest nuts to crack in the whole symphonic repertoire. And they did me proud. They were really wonderful. The orchestra was extraordinary. I think everybody gave its all for the Stravinsky.”
Bernstein always challenged young minds and never underestimated their potentialal, and this is especially evident on the repertoire in 1987, which consummated in Stravinsky's “The Rite of Spring”.
1988: Shostakovich No. 1, Soviet Union Tour, Conducting Institute
Bernstein embarked on a Soviet Union tour with the Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival orchestra in 1988, marking a return to the Soviet Union 40 years after his groundbreaking New York Philharmonic tour of 1958. Bernstein programmed his own “Songfest” and Shostakovich's Symphony 1 in F minor for these concerts.
The rehearsals for Shostakovich’s First were recorded live and provide insight into his rapport with the students. Bernstein, wearing a pair of sunglasses on the podium, opened the rehearsal with a casual lecture describing a 19-year-old Shostakovich who, having just graduated from conservatory, was now mocking the concept of a symphony.
“Let me tell you about a young Shostakovich…”
During this year, SHMF also initiated a conducting institute in which young conductors had the chance to work with the student orchestra under Bernstein’s auspices.
1989: Romeo and Juliet
During Bernstein’s final summer at Schleswig-Holstein, he taught the students of the Orchestra Academy the music and narrative of Berlioz’s Roméo et Juliette. Bernstein contextualized the music by encouraging the students to read Shakespeare and, in fact, read Shakespeare aloud himself during rehearsal.
On a program at La Scala in Milan on 19 July 1989, Carl St. Clair conducted Christopher Rouse’s “Infernale Machine” from Phantasmata, Eiji Oue conducted Shostakovich’s Symphony No. 9, Mark Stringer conducted Debussy’s La Mer, and Bernstein conducted Berlioz’s Romeo and Juliet.
Legacy: Leonard Bernstein Award
To commemorate Bernstein’s legacy as an educator and founder of the Orchestra Academy, SHMF created the Leonard Bernstein Award in 2002. The Sparkassen-Finanzgruppe has sponsored the €20,000 Leonard Bernstein Award prize money each year since its inception and notable recipients of the internationally sought after award include pianist Lang Lang, cellist Alisa Weilerstein, and percussionist Martin Grubinger. The jury committee has included members of the classical music community from across the globe, including Zarin Mehta, Ernest Fleischmann, Jamie Bernstein, Rolf Beck, and Olaf Cord Dielewicz.
Bernstein Award Winners
- 2002 Lang Lang (piano)
- 2003 Lisa Batiashvili (piano)
- 2004 Erik Schumann (violin)
- 2005 Jonathan Biss (piano)
- 2006 Alisa Weilerstein (cello)
- 2007 Martin Grubinger (percussion)
- 2008 Anna Vinnitskaya (piano)
- 2009 Leonard Elschenbroich (cello)
- 2010 Kit Armstrong (piano)
- 2011 David Aaron Carpenter (violin)
- 2012 Cameron Carpenter (organ)
- 2013 Jan Lisiecki (piano)
- 2014 Christopher Park (piano)
- 2015 Krzysztof Urbański (conductor)
- 2016 Felix Klieser (horn)
- 2017 Kian Soltani (cello)
- 2018 Charles Yang (violin)
Bernstein rehearsing at Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival, Germany. 1988.
Leonard Bernstein at Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival